Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Significance of the Reproductive System

The reproductive system is part of the human body consisting of vital organs working together to foster procreation. Other important substances include pheromones, hormones and fluids. The genitalia or penis and ovaries are some of the major organs which contribute to the reproductive system.

The reproduction process will commence upon sexual intercourse. As the erected penis is inserted inside the vagina, the semen will be transferred inside the woman. The semen contains the sperm which will push through the cervix until it reaches the fallopian tube. The ovum will then be fertilized. Once the fertilization and implantation succeeds, the development of the fetus will begin inside the uterus for nine months. This phenomenon is called pregnancy.

The development stage will end once the female is in labor and the offspring is born. This can either be through normal delivery or caesarean procedure.

The most important part of the reproductive system is the male and female organs. The male reproductive system consists of different organs. It can be found outside the body near the pelvic region. The male reproductive organ produces the spermatozoa needed for the fertilization of the ovum inside the female's uterus.

There are three categories of the male reproductive organ. First is the sperm production. It starts at the testes stored in the scrotum. The scrotum regulates the temperature inside for sperms to be healthy. All undeveloped sperm cells will go through the epididymis where it will be developed and stored. The ejaculatory fluid glands are the second which consist of the prostate, seminal vesicles and vas deferens. The last one includes the penis, vas deferens, Cowper's gland and the urethra. They are responsible in the disposal of the sperm into the female's vagina.

The female reproductive system largely differs compared to the males. The organs of the female are found inside the body. The main parts of the female reproductive system include the vagina which receives the sperm, the uterus which serves as the storage for the developing fetus, and the ovary which produces the egg. The breast is an essential part of the reproductive organ which helps in the parenting of the new born baby.

During sexual intercourse, the vagina will expand allowing the insertion of the male's penis inside. When the female reach orgasm, the Bartholin's glands will produce the mucus which serves as a lubricant for the penis.

Menstruation is caused by the unfertilized ova and will be experienced within a 29 days interval. It will happen every month for as long as no egg is being fertilized.

The reproductive system is similar to the development of the urinary systems due to the location and function of some of the organs called homologous in structure. Even if there are differences with male and female reproductive system, there are certain common structures in their systems. Among the common organs include the Mullerian ducts, Wolffian duct and gonad.

Just like any other organs of the body, the reproductive system can develop certain diseases. One of the most common is the sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, HIV and syphilis. There are also known cancers which targets vital organs of the reproductive system. Some of the common cancers include prostate cancer, breast cancer and cancer of the ovary. These diseases will greatly affect the capacity of these organs to function in the reproduction process and can even lead to death.

The reproductive system is very important for procreation. Our lineage will cease if procreating stops. We should always be healthy and practice safe sex to avoid incurring sexually transmitted diseases. We could always consult with doctors and other professionals for help and advice.

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